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naive Chinesity. The Simpleton of the North Mountain, an old man of ninety, dwelt opposite to them, and was vexed in spirit because their northern flanks blocked the way for travelers, who had to go round. So he called his family together and broached a plan.--"Let us put forth our utmost strength and clear away this obstacle," said he; "let us cut right through the mountains till we come to Han-yin." All agreed except his wife. "My goodman," said she, "has not the strength to sweep away a dung-hill, let alone such mountains as T'ai-hsing and Wang-wu. Besides, where will you put the earth and stones?&qu…
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Latest: June 30, 2022, 1:06 a.m.
halve gekken, de worstmakers, de schapenkoopers, de leerlooiers en alle „met viooltjes bekranste Atheners” wel half slapend klaar te komen.” Op deze woorden van Cratinus klonk plotseling achter eene zuil een luid, hoonend gelach. Men keek om en zag den dollen Meno achter de zuil neergehurkt zitten. „Daar hebt gij Meno!” riep de jongste der drie blijspeldichters. „De kerel ziet er zoo berooid en gemeen uit, dat Euripides hem eerstdaags ongetwijfeld tot den held van een roerend stuk zal maken!” De Atheners lachten, Meno knarste op de tanden en riep: „Lompe honden! Met viooltjes bekranste honden!” Men wilde hem afranselen; doch hij hitste zij…
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Latest: June 30, 2022, 1:21 a.m.
most other parts of the world at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.org. If you are not located in the United States, you will have to check the laws of the country where you are located before using this eBook. Title: The Sun Also Rises Author: Ernest Hemingway Release Date: January 10, 2022 [eBook #67138] Language: English Produced by: This ebook was produced by: Marcia Brooks, Al Haines, Paulina Chin &amp;…
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Latest: June 29, 2022, 11:58 p.m.
hese wide-awake girls. THE END. HENRY ALTEMUS COMPANY'S CATALOGUE OF The Best and Least Expensive Books for Real Boys and Girls * * * * * Really good and new stories for boys and girls are not plentiful. Many stories, too, are so highly improbable as to bring a grin of derision to the young reader's face before he has gone far. The name of ALTEMUS is a distinctive brand on the cover of a book, always ensuring the buyer of having a book that is up-to-date and fine throughout. No buyer of an ALTEMUS book is ever disappointed. Many are the claims made as to the inexpensiveness of bo…
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Latest: June 30, 2022, 12:50 a.m.
full meal. This depression is usually relieved by vomiting. I have met with a few cases in which there has been more decided faintness, and once or twice absolute syncope after chloroform, which was not attributable to loss of blood. In these cases, however, the patients were in the sitting posture, and they recovered from the syncope immediately, on being placed horizontally. The patients most subject to faintness after chloroform are those who are subject to this affection at other times, being often persons in a state of anæmia, or having the symptoms of fatty degeneration of the heart. Faintness is, however, very much more rare after operations…
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Latest: June 30, 2022, 12:25 a.m.
sley This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.org Title: Epistle to a Friend Concerning Poetry (1700) and the Essay on Heroic Poetry (second edition, 1697) Author: Samuel Wesley Commentator: Edward N. Hooker Release Date: August 10, 2005 [EBook #16506] [Most recently updated: December 23, 2005] Language: English *** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK EPISTLE TO A FRIEND **…
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Latest: June 29, 2022, 11:35 p.m.
The Cornell University Energy Recovery Linac (ERL) photoinjector has recently demonstrated operation at 20 mA for approximately 8 hours, utilizing a multialkali photocathode deposited on a Si substrate. We describe the recipe for photocathode deposition, and will detail the parameters of the run. Post-run analysis of the photocathode indicates the presence of significant damage to the substrate, perhaps due to ion back-bombardment from the residual beamline gas. While the exact cause of the substrate damage remains unknown, we describe multiple surface characterization techniques (X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, atomic force and scanning…
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 5:13 a.m.
w authors excel him—perhaps none. He can make an agreeable speech, talk interestingly, write a play or a novel with dexterity and a finished effect. It is true that in his lively memoirs, _Unwritten History_, he has embedded an occasional groan about the labors of authorship, and tells of one instance in which an indolent writer was led back to the paths of virtuous industry. But for all that, in his own case, it has probably never been as hard work as sometimes it seemed to himself; while as for anyone else, the association of Cosmo Hamilton with toil must forever be an act of mental violence. No! No photograph exists showing him with the dampen…
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Latest: June 30, 2022, 1:36 a.m.
We propose a new algorithm for recovery of sparse signals from their compressively sensed samples. The proposed algorithm benefits from the strategy of gradual movement to estimate the positions of non-zero samples of sparse signal. We decompose each sample of signal into two variables, namely "value" and "detector", by a weighted exponential function. We update these new variables using gradient descent method. Like the traditional compressed sensing algorithms, the first variable is used to solve the Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selection Operator (Lasso) problem. As a new strategy, the second variable participates in the regularizatio…
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 5:07 a.m.
This manuscript introduces an \proglang{R} package called \pkg{trialr} that implements a collection of clinical trial methods in \proglang{Stan} and \proglang{R}. In this article, we explore three methods in detail. The first is the continual reassessment method for conducting phase I dose-finding trials that seek a maximum tolerable dose. The second is EffTox, a dose-finding design that scrutinises doses by joint efficacy and toxicity outcomes. The third is the augmented binary method for modelling the probability of treatment success in phase II oncology trials with reference to repeated measures of continuous tumour size and binary indicators of treatmen…
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 5:02 a.m.
ceiving it, you can receive a refund of the money (if any) you paid for it by sending a written explanation to the person you received the work from. If you received the work on a physical medium, you must return the medium with your written explanation. The person or entity that provided you with the defective work may elect to provide a replacement copy in lieu of a refund. If you received the work electronically, the person or entity providing it to you may choose to give you a second opportunity to receive the work electronically in lieu of a refund. If the second copy is also defective, you may demand a refund in writing without further oppor…
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Latest: June 17, 2022, 11:15 p.m.
In this letter we show how the method of [4] for the calculation of two-point functions in d+1-dimensional AdS space can be simplified. This results in an algorithm for the evaluation of the two-point functions as linear combinations of Legendre functions of the second kind. This algorithm can be easily implemented on a computer. For the sake of illustration, we displayed the results for the case of symmetric traceless tensor fields with rank up to l=4.
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 9:37 a.m.
The composition of the Sun is an essential piece of reference data for astronomy, cosmology, astroparticle, space and geo-physics. This article, dealing with the intermediate-mass elements Na to Ca, is the first in a series describing the comprehensive re-determination of the solar composition. In this series we severely scrutinise all ingredients of the analysis across all elements, to obtain the most accurate, homogeneous and reliable results possible. We employ a highly realistic 3D hydrodynamic solar photospheric model, which has successfully passed an arsenal of observational diagnostics. To quantify systematic errors, we repeat the analysis with three…
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 5:03 a.m.
which he obtained. His analysis, which was incorrect, led him to name the liquid bichloric ether.[39] In 1832, Liebig examined the liquid which has been since named chloroform, but as he failed to detect the hydrogen which it contains, he called the liquid chloride of carbon,[40] a name which its alcoholic solution occasionally bore afterwards when used as a medicine. In 1831, Dumas examined this liquid. He proved that Soubeiran and Liebig had not obtained it pure, or had been incorrect in their analysis.[41] He showed that it consists of two atoms carbon, one atom hydrogen, and three atoms chlorine. Dumas gave the name of chloroform to the liqui…
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Latest: June 30, 2022, 12:25 a.m.
wire-pullings and lobbyings and petty diddlings and political cheateries--(it is all beautifully modern); what had the world to do with self-emptiness and Tao? The argument was all against him; he hadn't a leg to stand on. There was no Tao; no simplicity; no magic; no Garden of Si Wang Mu in the West; no Azure Birds of Compassion to fly out from it into the world of men. Very well then; he, being one with that non-existent Tao, would ride away to that imaginary Garden; would go, and leave-- A strand torn out of the rainbow to be woven into the stuff of Chinese life. You could not tell it at the time; you never would have guessed it--but t…
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Latest: June 30, 2022, 1:06 a.m.
Purity monitor devices are increasingly used in noble gas time projection chambers to measure the lifetime of drifting electrons. Purity monitors work by emitting electrons from a photocathode material via the photoelectric effect. The electrons are then drifted towards an anode by means of an applied electric drift field. By measuring the difference in charge between the cathode and the anode, one can extract the lifetime of the drifting electrons in the medium. For the first time, we test the performance of different photocathode materials-- silver, titanium, and aluminium--and compare them to gold, which is the standard photocathode material used for pur…
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 5:12 a.m.
ial favor was bestowed. But after Gensō Kōtei had seen Yōkihi (whom the Chinese call Yang-Kwei-Fei), he would not suffer the butterflies to choose for him,—which was unlucky, as Yokihi got him into serious trouble... Again, I should like to know more about the experience of that Chinese scholar, celebrated in Japan under the name Sōshū, who dreamed that he was a butterfly, and had all the sensations of a butterfly in that dream. For his spirit had really been wandering about in the shape of a butterfly; and, when he awoke, the memories and the feelings of butterfly existence remained so vivid in his mind that he could not act like a human being... …
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Latest: June 29, 2022, 11:58 p.m.
too, went out to the others who had taken part in the hazing and would not confess their guilt. It required no little force of character for these girls to come forward and admit that they had instigated the plot, knowing full well that dismissal from Camp Wau-Wau would have been the penalty. Still, Harriet knew that under similar circumstances, that would be what she should do. Patricia and Cora already had reached the tent by the time Harriet entered. She nodded to them smilingly. The faces of the two girls wore haggard expressions which she was quick to catch. Harriet had just pulled out her cot to tuck the blankets down when something drop…
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Latest: June 30, 2022, 12:50 a.m.
Recent experimental evidence has clearly demonstrated that nanofluids do not provide the greatly enhanced heat transfer predicted in the past. Despite seemingly conclusive proof there is still a great deal of current mathematical research asserting the opposite result. In this paper we scrutinise the mathematical work and demonstrate that the disagreement can be traced to a number of issues. These include the incorrect formulation of the governing equations; the use of parameter values orders of magnitude different to the true values (some requiring nanoparticle volume fractions greater than unity and nanoparticles smaller than atoms); model choices that ar…
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 5:02 a.m.
relentless copiousness of Madame de Staël’s books, we wonder if the amiable annotator lived long enough to finish his task. In matters of morality, however, the female pen was held to be a bulwark of Great Britain. The ambition to prove that--albeit a woman--one may be on terms of literary intimacy with the seven deadly sins (“Je ne suis qu’un pauvre diable de perruquier, mais je ne crois pas en Dieu plus que les autres”) had not yet dawned upon the feminine horizon. The literary lady accepted with enthusiasm the limitations of her sex, and turned them to practical account; she laid with them the foundations of her fame. Mrs. Montagu, an astute w…
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Latest: June 17, 2022, 11:15 p.m.
Task based neuroimaging tools for the study of cognitive neuroscience provide insight into understanding how the brain responds to increasing cognitive demand. Theoretical models of neural-cognitive relationships have been developed based on observations of linear and non-linear increases in brain activity. Neural efficiency and capacity are two parameters of current theoretical models. These two theoretical parameters describe the rate of increase of brain activity and the upper limits of the increases, respectively. The current work demonstrates that a quadratic model of increasing brain activity in response to the n-back task is a solution to a different…
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 5 a.m.
We study the statistics of multi-photon absorption/emission processes in a mesoscopic ring threaded by an harmonic time-dependent flux $\Phi(t)$. For this sake, we demonstrate a useful analogy between the Keldysh quantum kinetic equation for the electrons distribution function and a Continuous Time Random Walk in energy space with corrections due to interference effects. Studying the probability to absorb/emit $n$ quanta $\hbar\omega$ per scattering event, we explore the crossover between ultra-quantum/low-intensity limit and quasi-classical/high-intensity regime, and the role of multiphoton processes in driving it.
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 9:37 a.m.
<div class="abstract-content selected" id="enc-abstract"> <p> Acts of terror and warfare threats are challenging tasks for defense agencies around the world and of growing importance to security conscious policy makers and the general public. Explosives and chemical warfare agents are two of the major concerns in this context, as illustrated by the recent Boston Marathon bombing and nerve gas attacks on civilians in the Middle East. To prevent such tragic disasters, security personnel must be able to find, identify and deactivate the threats at multiple locations and levels. This involves major technical and practical chal…
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Latest: June 30, 2022, 1:21 a.m.
qualities of contagion); and inasmuch as we observe that different effects arise from the same causes, as also similar effects from different causes in the human body, a vast field is necessarily opened up for contention, as every impartial observer will admit. That the doctrine of contagion is of comparatively modern origin (subsequently to Hippocrates), historical research fully shows, and it would be really an endless, if not an unprofitable, task to review the innumerable arguments of which contagionists and their opponents have from time to time availed themselves in support of their respective opinions, especially when the controversialist…
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Latest: June 29, 2022, 11:35 p.m.
<div class="abstract-content selected" id="enc-abstract"> <p> Rapid-monitoring of drugs has attracted tremendous consideration owing to robust global demand for cost-effective and high effectiveness. Binary metal oxides with various morphology have been reported as electrodes for electrochemical sensor to fulfilling the clinical and enviromental requirements. In this study, strontium tungstate (SrWO <sub> 4 </sub> ) nanoflakes have been successfully prepared via the facile sonochemical method for the first time. The characteristics of as-prepared SrWO <sub> 4 </sub> are systematica…
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Latest: June 6, 2022, 2:18 a.m.
It is shown that the total energy of the vacuum fluctuations of the electron-positron and electromagnetic fields in the quantum electrodynamics can be equal to zero if the "bare" electron charge is chosen by adequate way. The value of "bare" electron charge calculated from this condition proves to be in a qualitative agreement with that one which was found independently from the solution of the "physical electron" problem.
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Latest: Feb. 14, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
8, 115; floods in, 46 Chinese mode of sepulture, 239 Cholera, 21, 112, 137, 151, 152, 154, 158, 159, 160, 162, 163, 165, 166, 168, 174, 176, 178, 179, 181, 182, 183; Reports on, 169 ---- of 1817, 93; at Kurrachee, Dr. Gavin Milroy on the, 177 Chorea, epidemic, 56 Churches, burial in, 241 ----, desecration of, 241 Churchyard, the Charterhouse, 51 ---- of Minchinhampton, 247 Cibyra, earthquake in, 23 Cicero, 238 Civil wars, 116 Clark, Sir James, 227 Clarke, Dr. Adam, 244 Cleanliness and moderation among the Spaniards, 5 Cleanl…
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Latest: June 29, 2022, 11:35 p.m.
This work focuses on the electric power market, comparing the status quo with the recent trend towards the increase in distributed self-generation capabilities by prosumers. Starting from the existing tension between the intrinsically hierarchical current structure of the electricity distribution network and the substantially distributed and self-organising nature of the self-generation, we explore the limitations imposed by the current conditions. Initially, we introduce a potential multi-layered architecture for a Peer-to-Peer (P2P) energy market, discussing the fundamental aspects of local production and local consumption as part of a microgrid. Secondly…
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 5:03 a.m.
The concerted responses of eusocial insects to environmental stimuli are often referred to as collective cognition on the level of the colony.To achieve collective cognitiona group can draw on two different sources: individual cognitionand the connectivity between individuals.Computation in neural-networks, for example,is attributedmore tosophisticated communication schemes than to the complexity of individual neurons. The case of social insects, however, can be expected to differ. This is since individual insects are cognitively capable units that are often able to process information that is directly relevant at the level of the colony.Furthermore, involv…
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 5 a.m.
The heavy-quark contribution to the polarisation function $\Pi$ at higher perturbative orders is presently only known approximately. We scrutinise the accuracy of state-of-the-art approximations at three- and four-loop order. At three loops, we present for the first time a result with arbitrary numerical precision for general kinematics and compare to the best Pad\'e estimate. At four loops, we calculate the fourth (inverse) moment of the non-singlet heavy-quark vacuum polarisation in order to test the prediction for this moment based on Pad\'e approximation.
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 5:01 a.m.
Functional connectivity, as estimated using resting state fMRI, has shown potential in bridging the gap between pathophysiology and cognition. However, clinical use of functional connectivity biomarkers is impeded by unreliable estimates of individual functional connectomes and lack of generalizability of models predicting cognitive outcomes from connectivity. To address these issues, we combine the frameworks of connectome predictive modeling and differential identifiability. Using the combined framework, we show that enhancing the individual fingerprint of resting state functional connectomes leads to robust identification of functional networks associate…
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 4:59 a.m.
The understanding of the statistical properties and of the dynamics of multistable systems is gaining more and more importance in a vast variety of scientific fields. This is especially relevant for the investigation of the tipping points of complex systems. Sometimes, in order to understand the time series of given observables exhibiting bimodal distributions, simple one-dimensional Langevin models are fitted to reproduce the observed statistical properties, and used to investing-ate the projected dynamics of the observable. This is of great relevance for studying potential catastrophic changes in the properties of the underlying system or resonant behavio…
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 5:02 a.m.
in this way till he breaks the plate. Eats and plates and beer cost about fifty dollars. The young folks clear about two hundred dollars to start life on.” “And,” he continued, “the folks next door make a practice of eatin’ round at weddin’s without puttin’ down their dollars.” I began to feel guilty. “It’s a good deal like my begging supper and breakfast of you.” He hadn’t meant it that way. “No,” he said, “you’re takin’ the only way to see the country. Why, man, I used to travel like you, before I was married, except I didn’t take no book nor poetry nor nothin’, and wasn’t afeered of box-cars the way you are.... I been in every state in …
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Latest: June 17, 2022, 11:14 p.m.
We investigate the interaction between highly charged lipid bilayers in the presence of monovalent counterions. Neutron and X-ray reflectivity experiments show that the water layer between like-charged bilayers is thinner than for zwitterionic lipids, demonstrating the existence of counterintuitive electrostatic attractive interaction between bilayers. Such attraction can be explained by taking into account the correlations between counterions within the Strong Coupling limit, which falls beyond the classical Poisson-Boltzmann theory of electrostatics. Our results show the limit of the Strong Coupling continuous theory in a highly confined geometry and are …
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 5:16 a.m.
Each cognitive science tries to understand a set of cognitive behaviors. The structuring of knowledge of this nature's aspect is far from what it can be expected about a science. Until now universal standard consistently describing the set of cognitive behaviors has not been found, and there are many questions about the cognitive behaviors for which only there are opinions of members of the scientific community. This article has three proposals. The first proposal is to raise to the scientific community the necessity of unified the cognitive behaviors. The second proposal is claim the application of the Newton's reasoning rules about nature of his…
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 5 a.m.
<div class="abstract-content selected" id="enc-abstract"> <p> <strong class="sub-title"> Background: </strong> Aerosol production during normal breathing is often attributed to turbulence in the respiratory tract. That mechanism is not consistent with a high degree of asymmetry between aerosol production during inhalation and exhalation. The objective was to investigate production symmetry during breathing. </p> <p> <strong class="sub-title"> Methods: </strong> The aerosol size distribution in exhaled breath was examined for different breathing patte…
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Latest: June 6, 2022, 1:38 a.m.
<div class="abstract-content selected" id="enc-abstract"> <p> We relate changes of the airway wall to the response of the intact airway and the whole lung. We address how mechanical conditions and specific structural changes for an airway contribute to hyperresponsiveness resistant to deep inspiration. This review conveys that the origins of hyperresponsiveness do not devolve into an abnormality at single structural level but require examination of the complex interplay of all the parts. </p> </div>
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Latest: June 6, 2022, 1:38 a.m.
Sampling theory has benefited from a surge of research in recent years, due in part to the intense research in wavelet theory and the connections made between the two fields. In this survey we present several extensions of the Shannon theorem, that have been developed primarily in the past two decades, which treat a wide class of input signals as well as nonideal sampling and nonlinear distortions. This framework is based on viewing sampling in a broader sense of projection onto appropriate subspaces, and then choosing the subspaces to yield interesting new possibilities. For example, our results can be used to uniformly sample non-bandlimited signals, and …
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 4:43 a.m.
<div class="abstract-content selected" id="enc-abstract"> <p> <strong class="sub-title"> Purpose: </strong> Non-Cartesian imaging sequences involve sampling during rapid variation of the encoding field gradients. The quality of the reconstructed images often suffers from insufficient knowledge of the exact dynamics of the actual fields applied during sampling. </p> <p> <strong class="sub-title"> Methods: </strong> We propose determination of the accurate field dynamics by measuring the currents at the gradient amplifier outputs using the amplifiers&#…
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Latest: June 6, 2022, 1:38 a.m.
<div class="abstract-content selected" id="enc-abstract"> <p> Dante Alighieri is the greatest Italian poet and one of the most important writers in Western literature. He is best known for the epic poem "Commedia", later named "La Divina Commedia" that has profoundly influenced not only poetic imagination but also all subsequent allegorical creations of imaginary worlds in literature. This paper examines the poetic description of some episodes of loss of consciousness in Dante's poetry discussing how and why typical elements of epileptic seizures have been used. On the 750th anniversary of Dante&#x…
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Latest: June 10, 2022, 1:54 a.m.
<div class="abstract-content selected" id="enc-abstract"> <p> A short overview of Dante Alighieri's ideas on mind and brain is given using the framework of the philosophy and science of his time, and with quotations from his works. The structure of the mind was divided by the Italian poet into cognitive and affective components, each with physiological and cerebral bases. The connection between cognition and action was underlined in a perspective that valued the work of individuals in their social world. </p> </div>
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Latest: June 10, 2022, 1:54 a.m.
<div class="abstract-content selected" id="enc-abstract"> <p> While phasic electrical activity of the cricopharyngeus muscle (EAcp)-the main component of the upper esophageal sphincter-occurs with inspiration and forceful expiration in adults, no such data is available for newborns. In addition, the effect of nasal respiratory support commonly used in newborns is unknown. We aimed to describe the phasic respiratory EAcp and to assess the potential effect of nasal CPAP (nCPAP, 6 cmH <sub> 2 </sub> O) or high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC, 7 L/min) in newborn lambs during 6-h recordings. Phasic EAcp was prese…
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Latest: June 6, 2022, 1:38 a.m.
This paper describes some key ideas and applications of cognitive radars, highlighting the limits and the path forward. Cognitive radars are systems based on the perception-action cycle of cognition that sense the environment, learn from it relevant information about the target and the background, then adapt the radar sensor to optimally satisfy the needs of their mission according to a desired goal. The concept of cognitive radar was introduced originally for active radar only. In this paper we describe how this paradigm can be applied also to passive radar. In particular, we describe (i) cognitive active radars that work in a spectrally dense environment …
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 4:59 a.m.
Motivated by the problem of channel estimation in wireless communications, we derive a reconstruction formula for pseudodifferential operators with a bandlimited symbol. This reconstruction formula uses the diagonal entries of the matrix of the pseudodifferential operator with respect to a Gabor system. In addition, we prove several other uniqueness theorems that shed light on the relation between a pseudodifferential operators and its matrix with respect to a Gabor system.
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 4:43 a.m.
figure charms in whatever state. Thus, his Majesty is pleasing even in his sorrow. For All ornament is laid aside; he wears One golden bracelet on his wasted arm; His lip is scorched by sighs; and sleepless cares Redden his eyes. Yet all can work no harm On that magnificent beauty, wasting, but Gaining in brilliance, like a diamond cut. _Mishrakeshi_ (_observing the king_). No wonder Shakuntala pines for him, even though he dishonoured her by his rejection of her. _King_ (_walks about slowly, sunk in thought_). Alas! My smitten heart, that once lay sleeping, Heard in its dreams my fawn-eyed love's laments, A…
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Latest: June 17, 2022, 11:14 p.m.
<div class="abstract-content selected" id="enc-abstract"> <p> <strong class="sub-title"> Background: </strong> Ultrasound has demonstrated a high accuracy in the prenatal diagnosis of placenta accreta spectrum. However, it is not known whether ultrasound findings can pinpoint the depths of villous invasion, recommend surgical strategies, and predict clinical outcomes. </p> <p> <strong class="sub-title"> Objective: </strong> We described an ultrasound descriptor for the placenta accreta spectrum and investigated whether it can predict the severity of …
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Latest: June 18, 2022, 1:55 a.m.
<div class="abstract-content selected" id="enc-abstract"> <p> Buddhism is an ancient religion that began in India and spread throughout Asia. It is prevalent in modern Japan. Breastfeeding has been a strong practice for centuries with the custom being to continue until the child is 6 or 7 years of age. The Edo period was very influential in establishing breastfeeding customs that continue today. </p> </div>
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Latest: June 13, 2022, 8:30 a.m.
United States and most other parts of the world at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.org. If you are not located in the United States, you will have to check the laws of the country where you are located before using this eBook. Title: A happy half-century and other essays Author: Agnes Repplier Release Date: May 29, 2022 [eBook #68195] Language: English Produced by: Charlene Taylor, David E. Brown, and the Online Distribute…
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Latest: June 17, 2022, 11:15 p.m.
Given any polynomial with real coefficients, the existence of a real quadratic polynomial factor is proven using only basic real analysis. The aim is to provide an approachable proof to anybody who is familiar with the least upper bound property for real numbers, continuity and growth property of polynomials, and unfamiliar with complex numbers, field extension or advanced topology.
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 2:55 p.m.
We present quantitative predictions of the performance of nanotubes and nanowires as antennas, including the radiation resistance, the input reactance and resistance, and antenna efficiency, as a function of frequency and nanotube length. Particular attention is paid to the quantum capacitance and kinetic inductance. In so doing, we also develop a circuit model for a transmission line made of two parallel nanotubes, which has applications for nano-interconnect technology.
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 6:37 a.m.
<div class="abstract-content selected" id="enc-abstract"> <p> Starch ghost, an insoluble structure of gelatinized starch, plays an important role in the applications of starch. In this review, we summarized the preparation, morphology, structure, properties and applications of starch ghost. The preparation steps of starch ghost include gelatinization, purification and preservation, and many factors influence the yield of starch ghost. The morphology and content of starch ghost can be influenced by many factors like starch resource and amylose content. Ghosts from non-waxy starches are composed of amylopectin with long bran…
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Latest: June 6, 2022, 7:33 a.m.
Let $\G$ be an oriented graph of order $n$ and $\a_1,\a_2,..., \a_n$ denote all the eigenvalues of the skew-adjacency matrix of $\G.$ The skew energy $\displaystyle{\cal E}_s(\G)= \sum_{i=1}^{n} |\a_i|.$ In this paper, the oriented unicyclic graphs with minimal and maximal skew energy are determined.
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Latest: Feb. 11, 2021, 2:55 p.m.
The Cognitive Theory of True Conditions (CTTC) is a proposal to design the implementation of cognitive abilities and to describe the model-theoretic semantics of symbolic cognitive architectures. The CTTC is formulated mathematically using the multi-optional many-sorted past present future(MMPPF) structures. This article discussed how decision-making processes are described in the CTTC.
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 4:58 a.m.
ic than in writing _The Dynasty of Raghu_. I give first a somewhat detailed analysis of the matter of the poem. _First canto. The birth of Parvati_.--The poem begins with a description of the great Himalaya mountain-range. God of the distant north, the Snowy Range O'er other mountains towers imperially; Earth's measuring-rod, being great and free from change, Sinks to the eastern and the western sea. Whose countless wealth of natural gems is not Too deeply blemished by the cruel snow; One fault for many virtues is forgot, The moon's one stain for beams that endless flow. Where demigods enjoy the s…
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Latest: June 17, 2022, 11:14 p.m.
We compute the intersection Betti numbers of the GIT model of the moduli space of numerically polarized Enriques surfaces of degree 2. The strategy of the cohomological calculation relies on a general method developed by Kirwan to compute the cohomology of GIT quotients of projective varieties, based on the equivariantly perfect stratification of the unstable points studied by Hesselink and others and a partial resolution of singularities, called Kirwan blow-up.
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Latest: Feb. 14, 2021, 11:43 p.m.
<div class="abstract-content selected" id="enc-abstract"> <p> <strong class="sub-title"> Question: </strong> Does inspiratory muscle training improve inspiratory muscle strength in adults receiving mechanical ventilation? Does it improve the duration or success of weaning? Does it affect length of stay, reintubation, tracheostomy, survival, or the need for post-extubation non-invasive ventilation? Is it tolerable and does it cause adverse events? </p> <p> <strong class="sub-title"> Design: </strong> Systematic review of randomised trials. </p>…
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Latest: June 6, 2022, 1:38 a.m.
s and most other parts of the world at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.org. If you are not located in the United States, you will have to check the laws of the country where you are located before using this eBook. Title: A Handy Guide for Beggars Especially Those of the Poetic Fraternity Author: Vachel Lindsay Release Date: April 28, 2022 [eBook #67947] Language: English Produced by: D A Alexander, David E. Browm,…
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Latest: June 17, 2022, 11:14 p.m.
The Memory-Centred Cognition perspective places an active association substrate at the heart of cognition, rather than as a passive adjunct. Consequently, it places prediction and priming on the basis of prior experience to be inherent and fundamental aspects of processing. Social interaction is taken here to minimally require contingent and co-adaptive behaviours from the interacting parties. In this contribution, I seek to show how the memory-centred cognition approach to cognitive architectures can provide an means of addressing these functions. A number of example implementations are briefly reviewed, particularly focusing on multi-modal alignment as a …
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 5 a.m.
<div class="abstract-content selected" id="enc-abstract"> <p> <strong class="sub-title"> Background: </strong> Asthma treatment guidelines recommend increasing corticosteroid dose to control symptoms and reduce exacerbations. This approach is potentially flawed because symptomatic asthma can occur without corticosteroid responsive type-2 (T2)-driven eosinophilic inflammation, and inappropriately high-dose corticosteroid treatment might have little therapeutic benefit with increased risk of side-effects. We compared a biomarker strategy to adjust corticosteroid dose using a composite score of T2…
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Latest: June 17, 2022, 11:14 p.m.
<div class="abstract-content selected" id="enc-abstract"> <p> The rising interest for precise characterization of the tumour immune contexture has recently brought forward the high potential of RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) in identifying molecular mechanisms engaged in the response to immunotherapy. In this review, we provide an overview of the major principles of single-cell and conventional (bulk) RNA-seq applied to onco-immunology. We describe standard preprocessing and statistical analyses of data obtained from such techniques and highlight some computational challenges relative to the sequencing of individual cells. We no…
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Latest: June 7, 2022, 4:05 a.m.
We consider the a priori traveling repairman problem, which is a stochastic version of the classic traveling repairman problem (also called the traveling deliveryman or minimum latency problem). Given a metric $(V,d)$ with a root $r\in V$, the traveling repairman problem (TRP) involves finding a tour originating from $r$ that minimizes the sum of arrival-times at all vertices. In its a priori version, we are also given independent probabilities of each vertex being active. We want to find a master tour $\tau$ originating from $r$ and visiting all vertices. The objective is to minimize the expected sum of arrival-times at all active vertices, when $\tau$ is …
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 4:40 a.m.
We discuss the problems of uniqueness, sampling and reconstruction with derivatives in the space of bandlimited functions. We prove that if X is sequence of real numbers such that the maximum gap between two consecutive samples is less than certain positive constant c, then bandlimited function of bandwidth {\sigma} can be reconstructed uniquely and stably from its nonuniform samples involving derivatives. We also prove that if the maximum gap is less than or equal to c, then X is a set of uniqueness for the space of bandlimited functions of bandwidth {\sigma} when the samples involving k-1 derivatives. As a by-product we obtain the sharp maximum gap condit…
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 4:42 a.m.
For a wide family of even kernels $\{\varphi_u, u\in I\}$, we describe discrete sets $\Lambda$ such that every bandlimited signal $f$ can be reconstructed from the space-time samples $\{(f\ast\varphi_u)(\lambda), \lambda\in\Lambda, u\in I\}$.
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 4:43 a.m.
Cognitive control researchers aim to describe the processes that support adaptive cognition to achieve specific goals. Control theorists consider how to influence the state of systems to reach certain user-defined goals. In brain networks, some conceptual and lexical similarities between cognitive control and control theory offer appealing avenues for scientific discovery. However, these opportunities also come with the risk of conceptual confusion. Here, I suggest that each field of inquiry continues to produce novel and distinct insights. Then, I describe opportunities for synergistic research at the intersection of these subdisciplines with a critical st…
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 5 a.m.
The weak field limit of the nonminimally coupled Boltzmann equation is studied, and relations between the invariant Bardeen scalar potentials are derived. The Jean's criterion for instabilities is found through the modified dispersion relation. Special cases are scrutinised and considerations on the model parameters are discussed for Bok globules.
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 5 a.m.
Combining Pati-Salam (PS) and flavour symmetries in a renormalisable setup, we devise a scenario which produces realistic masses for the charged leptons. Flavour-symmetry breaking scalar fields in the adjoint representations of the PS gauge group are responsible for generating different flavour structures for up- and down-type quarks as well as for leptons. The model is characterised by new heavy fermions which mix with the Standard Model quarks and leptons. In particular, the partners for the third fermion generation induce sizeable sources of flavour violation. Focusing on the charged-lepton sector, we scrutinise the model with respect to its implications…
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 5:01 a.m.
<div class="abstract-content selected" id="enc-abstract"> <p> The present numerical study investigated the transportation time of the inhaled chemicals in three realistic human airway models by adopting a methodology from the field of the building ventilation. Two indexes including "scale of ventilation efficiency 3 (SVE3)" and "local purging flow rate (L-PFR)" were used to evaluate the respective arrival time and staying time under different inhalation flow rates. The general trend of the SVE3 was predicted as expected and the exceptions within the nasal cavities were attributed to the uneven allocatio…
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Latest: June 6, 2022, 1:38 a.m.
We study the problem of sampling and reconstruction of bandlimited graph signals where the objective is to select a node subset of prescribed cardinality that ensures interpolation of the original signal with the lowest reconstruction error. We propose an efficient iterative selection sampling approach and show that in the noiseless case the original signal is exactly recovered from the set of selected nodes. In the case of noisy measurements, a bound on the reconstruction error of the proposed algorithm is established. We further address the support identification of the bandlimited signal with unknown support and show that under a pragmatic sufficient con…
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 4:44 a.m.
We propose an entirely redesigned framework of bandlimited signal reconstruction for the time encoding machine (TEM) introduced by Lazar and T\'oth. As the encoding part of TEM consists in obtaining integral values of a bandlimited input over known time intervals, it theoretically amounts to applying a known linear operator on the input. We then approach the general question of signal reconstruction by pseudo-inversion of this operator. We perform this task numerically and iteratively using projections onto convex sets (POCS). The algorithm can be implemented exactly in discrete time with multiplications that are all reduced to scaling by signed powers…
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 4:44 a.m.
We make a change of field variables in the J formulation of self-dual Yang--Mills theory. The field equations for the resulting algebra valued field are derivable from a simple cubic action. The cubic interaction vertex is different from that considered previously from the N=2 string, however, perturbation theory with this action shows that the only non-vanishing connected scattering amplitude is for three external particles just as for the string.
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 9:37 a.m.
<div class="abstract-content selected" id="enc-abstract"> <p> Untethered from the more common literary metaphor that sees it as the traditional seat of feelings, what is the image of the heart that Dante's literature delivers to us? And is there an evolution in that image, or does the heart remain the same throughout Dante's poetry? Looking back over the works written by Dante Alighieri in the course of his literary career, we can discover that the heart is a central organ in all his poetry and also in his long and bumpy path to salvation, from hell to heaven; and that this path could also be understood as a path…
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Latest: June 10, 2022, 1:54 a.m.
It is a well-known fact that mathematical functions that are timelimited (or spacelimited) cannot be simultaneously bandlimited (in frequency). Yet the finite precision of measurement and computation unavoidably bandlimits our observation and modeling scientific data, and we often only have access to, or are only interested in, a study area that is temporally or spatially bounded. In the geosciences we may be interested in spectrally modeling a time series defined only on a certain interval, or we may want to characterize a specific geographical area observed using an effectively bandlimited measurement device. It is clear that analyzing and representing sc…
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 4:44 a.m.
The goal of the paper is to establish cubature formulas on combinatorial graphs. Two types of cubature formulas are developed. Cubature formulas of the first type are exact on spaces of variational splines on graphs. Since badlimited functions can be obtained as limits of variational splines we obtain cubature formulas which are "essentially" exact on spaces of bandlimited functions. Cubature formulas of the second type are exact on spaces of bandlimited functions. Accuracy of cubature formulas is given in terms of smoothness which is measured by means of combinatorial Laplace operator. The results have potential applications to problems that aris…
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 4:45 a.m.
States and most other parts of the world at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.org. If you are not located in the United States, you will have to check the laws of the country where you are located before using this eBook. Title: Twentieth Century French Writers Reviews and Reminiscences Author: Mary Duclaux Release Date: May 5, 2022 [eBook #67992] Language: English Produced by: Andrés V. Galia, Laura (lnatal) and the…
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Latest: June 17, 2022, 11:14 p.m.
, for fear of the pestilence. A.D. 1456. There were two comets observed this year: three years after, 1459, the Baltic was so frozen over, that people travelled on the ice from Denmark to Lubeck, Wismar, Rostock, and Stralsund. A.D. 1465, pestilence again visited Italy. On the 6th of December of this year, the brothers Miguel Capelier and Leonardo Crestia, of the order of St. Francis of the Convent of Jesus, were deputed by the corporation of the city of Barcelona to implore the interposition of the Almighty to free the city from pestilence. The year following, Cadiz was nearly depopulated by a plague. Other parts of Spain suffered also from e…
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Latest: June 29, 2022, 11:34 p.m.
In this paper we extend the theory of optimal approximations of functions $f: \R \to \R$ in the $L^1(\R)$-metric by entire functions of prescribed exponential type (bandlimited functions). We solve this problem for the truncated and the odd Gaussians using explicit integral representations and fine properties of truncated theta functions obtained via the maximum principle for the heat operator. As applications, we recover most of the previously known examples in the literature and further extend the class of truncated and odd functions for which this extremal problem can be solved, by integration on the free parameter and the use of tempered distribution ar…
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 4:45 a.m.
The deterministic notions of capacity and entropy are studied in the context of communication and storage of information using square-integrable, bandlimited signals subject to perturbation. The $(\epsilon,\delta)$-capacity, that extends the Kolmogorov $\epsilon$-capacity to packing sets of overlap at most $\delta$, is introduced and compared to the Shannon capacity. The functional form of the results indicates that in both Kolmogorov and Shannon's settings, capacity and entropy grow linearly with the number of degrees of freedom, but only logarithmically with the signal to noise ratio. This basic insight transcends the details of the stochastic or det…
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 4:45 a.m.
<div class="abstract-content selected" id="enc-abstract"> <p> High-flow nasal cannula oxygenation has distinct advantages over other oxygen devices because of its unique effects on respiratory physiology. In particular, adjustable oxygen delivery and flow-dependent carbon dioxide clearance reduce work of breathing and better match inspiratory demand during respiratory distress. Historically, few studies had evaluated whether the physiologic effects of these devices translated into clinical benefit. However, recent publications have begun to address this knowledge gap. High-flow nasal cannula oxygenation has been shown to h…
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Latest: June 6, 2022, 1:38 a.m.
<div class="abstract-content selected" id="enc-abstract"> <p> The year 2021 marks the 700th anniversary of Dante's death. Is it appropriate to celebrate this anniversary in a journal of endocrinology? The answer is yes-the motivation for this being found in the giants that Dante, in his Divine Comedy, places around the well that divides Circle 8 from Circle 9 of Hell. The "Supreme Poet" describes one of the giants (Nimrod, a Biblical character) as having a large and elongated face with a body of gargantuan proportions. Such a description immediately calls to mind the characteristics of acromegalic prognathis…
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Latest: June 10, 2022, 1:54 a.m.
ited States and most other parts of the world at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.org. If you are not located in the United States, you will have to check the laws of the country where you are located before using this eBook. Title: Translations of Shakuntala and Other Works Author: Kalidasa Release Date: September 5, 2005 [eBook #16659] [Most recently updated: February 8, 2021] Language: English Produced by: Juliet Suth…
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Latest: June 17, 2022, 11:14 p.m.
Riehl and Verity have introduced an "$\infty$-cosmic" framework in which they redevelop the category theory of $\infty$-categories using 2-categorical arguments. In this paper, we begin with a self-contained review of the parts of their theory needed to discuss adjunctions and monadicity. This is applied in order to extend to the $\infty$-categorical context the classical criterion for fully faithfulness of the comparison functor induced by an adjunction. We discuss the relation with previous work in the literature---which primarily uses model-categorical techniques---and indicate applications to descent theory.
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 4:48 a.m.
In this expository paper we provide a geometric proof of the local Langlands Correspondence for the groups $\operatorname{GL}_{1}$ defined over $p$-adic fields $K$. We do this by redeveloping the theory of proalgebraic groups and use this to derive local class field theory in the style of Serre and Hazewinkel. In particular, we show that the local class field theory of Serre and Hazewinkel is valid for both equal characteristic and mixed characteristic ultrametric local fields. Finally, we use this to prove an equivalence of the categories of smooth representations of $K^{\ast}$ with continuous representations of $W_K^{\text{Ab}}$ in order to deduce the Loc…
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 4:49 a.m.
This document describes a best-effort delay-tolerant communication system that protects the privacy of users in wireless ad-hoc networks by making their communication undetectable. The proposed system is a wireless broadcast-based adaptation of mix networks where each user belongs to at least one group it trusts, and each group acts as a mix node. Assuming encryption is not broken, it provides undetectability of all users and messages against external adversaries, as well as undetectability of users and messages in non-compromised groups against internal adversaries.
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 9:07 a.m.
The Canada France Hawaii Telescope Corporation (CFHT) plans to repurpose its observatory on the summit of Maunakea and operate a new wide field spectroscopic survey telescope, the Maunakea Spectroscopic Explorer (MSE). MSE will upgrade the observatory with a larger 11.25m aperture telescope and equip it with dedicated instrumentation to capitalize on the site, which has some of the best seeing in the northern hemisphere, and offer its user community the ability to do transformative science. The knowledge and experience of the current CFHT staff will contribute greatly to the engineering of this new facility. MSE will reuse the same building and telescope pi…
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 4:49 a.m.
This work demonstrates an innovative numerical method for counting and locating eigenvalues with the Evans function. Utilizing the geometric phase in the Hopf bundle, the technique calculates the winding of the Evans function about a contour in the spectral plane, describing the eigenvalues enclosed by the contour for the Hocking-Stewartson pulse of the complex Ginzburg-Landau equation. Locating eigenvalues with the geometric phase in the Hopf bundle was proposed by Way, and proven by Grudzien, Bridges & Jones. Way demonstrated his proposed method for the Hocking-Stewartson pulse, and this manuscript redevelops this example as in the proof of the method…
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 4:49 a.m.
<div class="abstract-content selected" id="enc-abstract"> <p> The airway smooth muscle undergoes an elastic transition during a sustained contraction, characterized by a gradual decrease in hysteresivity caused by a relatively greater rate of increase in elastance than resistance. We recently demonstrated that these mechanical changes are more likely to persist after a large strain when they are acquired in dynamic versus static conditions; as if the microstructural adaptations liable for the elastic transition are more flexible when they evolve in dynamic conditions. The extent of this flexibility is undefined. Herein, co…
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Latest: June 6, 2022, 1:38 a.m.
We present the results from our earlier paper (arXiv:math/0602484) on the affine normal flow on noncompact convex hypersurfaces in affine space from a more PDE point of view, emphasizing the estimates involved. Our results concern the limits of solutions to a parabolic Monge-Ampere equation on $S^n$, where a sequence of smooth strictly convex initial value functions increase monotonically to a limiting initial value function which is infinite on at least a hemisphere of $S^n$. We prove long-time existence and instantaneous smoothing for quite general initial data, and we characterize ancient solutions as ellipsoids or paraboloids. We make essential use of e…
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 6:31 a.m.
Given two shapes $A$ and $B$ in the plane with Hausdorff distance $1$, is there a shape $S$ with Hausdorff distance $1/2$ to and from $A$ and $B$? The answer is always yes, and depending on convexity of $A$ and/or $B$, $S$ may be convex, connected, or disconnected. We show a generalization of this result on Hausdorff distances and middle shapes, and various related properties. We also show that a generalization of such middle shapes implies a morph with a bounded rate of change. Finally, we explore a generalization of the concept of a Hausdorff middle to more than two sets and show how to approximate or compute it.
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 7:31 a.m.
Compact semiconductor device models are essential for efficiently designing and analyzing large circuits. However, traditional compact model development requires a large amount of manual effort and can span many years. Moreover, inclusion of new physics (eg, radiation effects) into an existing compact model is not trivial and may require redevelopment from scratch. Machine Learning (ML) techniques have the potential to automate and significantly speed up the development of compact models. In addition, ML provides a range of modeling options that can be used to develop hierarchies of compact models tailored to specific circuit design stages. In this paper, w…
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 4:49 a.m.
back panel; and the return of Anne Vercors; and the relative repentance of the obstinate Mara; and the great mystical wind that rises and uplifts us into a region where happiness and tragedy are lost in a peace beyond understanding--all this moves us deeply in the second rendering. Each version has its beauties, and either makes us realise the Celtic base of France--at least, of the north of France. The French have ever Rome upon their lips, and their education has been strictly Latin since the time of the Gallo-Romans, but, by instinct and blood, they are Celts: no deep racial difference divides a Paul Claudel from a Synge, or a Barbey d’Aurevi…
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Latest: June 17, 2022, 11:14 p.m.
t persisted for six years, until 1787. A disease termed ‘Andalusian fever’ prevailed this year in South America among the Spanish colonists, and also at Rio de Janeiro and other Brazilian settlements. At Tauris, 15,000 dwellings were demolished, and vast multitudes were swallowed up by an earthquake. From the year 1781 down to 1789, epidemic pestilence committed great havoc in various parts of the world. In England, an epizootic was fatal to horses and horned cattle: of one hundred and sixteen horses located in one barrack stable, all but thirteen were attacked; seventy-eight died. The Channel fleet were great sufferers from epidemic disease; 11…
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Latest: June 29, 2022, 11:34 p.m.
The theory of orbital magnetization is reconsidered by defining additional quantities that incorporate a non-Hermitian effect due to anomalous operators that break the domain of definition of the Hermitian Hamiltonian. As a result, boundary contributions to the observable are rigorously and analytically taken into account. In this framework, we extend the standard velocity operator definition in order to incorporate an anomaly of the position operator that is inherent in band theory, which results in an explicit boundary velocity contribution. Using the extended velocity, we define the electrons' intrinsic orbital circulation and we argue that this is …
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 4:49 a.m.
<div class="abstract-content selected" id="enc-abstract"> <p> Dante Alighieri died in 1321; therefore, 2021 is the 700th anniversary of his death. His best known work is the <i> Divine Comedy, </i> which explores Dante's journey through the three realms of the underworld. Each realm is associated with three different sensations: <i> Inferno </i> , bodily (pain); <i> Purgatorio, </i> acoustic (music); and <i> Paradiso </i> , visual (light). The progression of the painful experiences and the resolution through music and light mirror the …
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Latest: June 10, 2022, 1:54 a.m.
<div class="abstract-content selected" id="enc-abstract"> <p> The use of starch in food systems in many instances relies on its thickening and gelling capacity. When native starches fail to match process and/or product-specific requirements, starches are physically and/or chemically modified to meet end-use demands. Evidently, differences between starches of varying botanical origin have to be considered when selecting or modifying starches for particular applications. Potato starch (PS) ranks third in world production after maize and wheat starches. Its unique properties differ from those of cereal and pulse starches and …
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Latest: June 6, 2022, 7:33 a.m.
Physical symbol systems are needed for open-ended cognition. A good way to understand physical symbol systems is by comparison of thought to chemistry. Both have systematicity, productivity and compositionality. The state of the art in cognitive architectures for open-ended cognition is critically assessed. I conclude that a cognitive architecture that evolves symbol structures in the brain is a promising candidate to explain open-ended cognition. Part 2 of the paper presents such a cognitive architecture.
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 4:58 a.m.
In this paper we extend the notion of the Euler characteristic to persistent homology and give the relationship between the Euler integral of a function and the Euler characteristic of the function's persistent homology. We then proceed to compute the expected Euler integral of a Gaussian random field using the Gaussian kinematic formula and obtain a simple closed form expression. This results in the first explicitly computable mean of a quantitative descriptor for the persistent homology of a Gaussian random field.
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Latest: Feb. 8, 2021, 10:40 a.m.
<div class="abstract-content selected" id="enc-abstract"> <p> Non-Cartesian MRI acquisition has demonstrated various advantages in many clinical applications. The shells trajectory is a 3D non-Cartesian MRI acquisition technique that samples the k-space using a series of concentric shells to achieve efficient 3D isotropic acquisition. Partial Fourier acquisition is an acceleration technique that is widely used in Cartesian MRI. It exploits the conjugate symmetry of k-space measurement to reduce the number of k-space samples compared to full-k-space acquisition, without loss of spatial resolution. For a Cartesian MRI acquis…
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Latest: June 6, 2022, 1:38 a.m.
In this paper the study of the cognitive interference channel with a common message, a variation of the classical cognitive interference channel in which the cognitive message is decoded at both receivers. We derive the capacity for the semideterministic channel in which the output at the cognitive decoder is a deterministic function of the channel inputs. We also show capacity to within a constant gap and a constant factor for the Gaussian channel in which the outputs are linear combinations of the channel inputs plus an additive Gaussian noise term. Most of these results are shown using an interesting transmission scheme in which the cognitive message, de…